Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Page: 44-49
Performance Analysis of Power Generation by Producer Gas from Refuse Derived Fuel-5 (RDF-5)
Natthawut Dutsadee, School of Renewable Energy, Maejo University, Sansai, Chiang Mai-50290, Thailand
Nigran Homdoung, School of Renewable Energy, Maejo University, Sansai, Chiang Mai-50290, Thailand
Rameshprabu Ramaraj, School of Renewable Energy, Maejo University, Sansai, Chiang Mai-50290, Thailand
Khamatanh Santisouk, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Laos, Vientiane, Laos
Shangphuerk Inthavideth, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Laos, Vientiane, Laos
Received: Oct. 30, 2014;       Accepted: Nov. 4, 2014;       Published: Jan. 12, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040101.17      View  3063      Downloads  210
At present, municipal and city corporation governments throughout the world are facing choices about how to manage the unending stream of waste generated by their residents and businesses. In many places landfills and dumpsites are filling up, and all landfills and dumpsites leak into the environment; due to increasing populations, the issue of waste becomes more urgent and more complicated. Many regions are already facing a waste crisis, and drastic measures are needed. In the past, the main approach to waste management operations is the landfill which is causes many environmental pollutions and health hazards. Furthermore, extending the land for land filling is the one of best solutions. This paper demonstrated the performance analysis of power generation producer gas from RDF-5 in Chiang Mai University, Thailand. The efficiency of different ratio waste composition and of RDF-5 was revealed. In addition, the humidity, density and heat capacity of RDF-5 are also focused. In order to analyze the compositions, heat capacity of producer gas, fuel consumption, efficiency of producer gas system, waste water and quantity of ash; RDF-5 have been tested by using producer gas in different ratio of oxygen and fuel. In term of automobile application, the performance of RDF-5 and Diesel-RDF-5 are compared; and the specific factors such as power, specific fuel consumption rate, carbon dioxide, sound level and fuel feeding were included that comparison. Consequently, this paper mainly focused and concerned with the production and properties of refuse derived fuel-5 for use in energy from waste technologies.
Municipal Solid Waste, Combustion Engine, Renewable Energy
To cite this article
Natthawut Dutsadee, Nigran Homdoung, Rameshprabu Ramaraj, Khamatanh Santisouk, Shangphuerk Inthavideth, Performance Analysis of Power Generation by Producer Gas from Refuse Derived Fuel-5 (RDF-5), International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Special Issue:Renewable Energy Applications in the Agricultural Field and Natural Resource Technology. Vol. 4, No. 1-1, 2015, pp. 44-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040101.17
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), “Solid Waste Management”, Volume I, 2005.
A. Gendebien, A. Leavens, K. Blackmore, A. Godley, K. Lewin, K.J. Whiting, R. Davis, J. Giegrich, H. Fehrenbach and U. Gromke, N. del Bufalo, D. Hogg, “Refuse Derived Fuel, Current Practice and Perspectives- Final Report, European Commission, Report No: CO 5087-4, 2003.
W. Punin, S. Maneewan, C. Punlek, “The feasibility of converting solid waste into refuse-derived fuel 5 via mechanical biological treatment process”, Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 2014, 16: 753–762.
F. C. Wu, P. H. Wu, R. L. Tseng, R. S. Juang, “Use of refuse-derived fuel waste for the adsorption of 4-chlorophenol and dyes from aqueous solution: Equilibrium and kinetics”, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2014, 4: 2628–2639.[
Ministry of Energy, “Renewable Energy Development Plan (REDP)”, Available from [Accessed 1 August 2014], 2014.
MNRE, “Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Digital Library”, Available from [Accessed 1 August 2014], 2014.
K. Sombatsompop, “Wastewater treatment by sequencing batch reactor system”, The Journal of KMUTNB, 2010, 18: 96–103.
Pollution Control Department, “Reports of pollution in Thailand in 2012”, http://infofile.pcd. go.th/mgt/DraftPol, 2013.
P. Nutongkaew, J. Waewsak, T. Chaichana, Y. Gagnon, “Greenhouse gases emission of refuse derived fuel-5 production from municipal waste and palm kernel” Energy Procedia, 2014, 52: 362– 370.
Report2555_25560214.pdf? CFID =13119758& CFTOKEN=22373626. Retrieved 1 Apr 2013. N. B. Chang, Y. H. Chang, W. C. Chen, “Evaluation of heat value and its prediction for refuse-derived fuel”, Science of the Total Environment, 1997, 197:139–148.
W. S. Chen, F. C. Chang, Y. H. Shen, M. S. Tsai, “The characteristics of organic sludge/sawdust derived fuel”, Bioresource Technology, 2011, 102: 5406–5410.
Z. M. Fu, X. R. Li, H. Koseki, “Heat generation of refuse derived fuel with water”, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 2005, 18: 27–33.
T. Kupka, M. Mancini, M. Irmer, R. Weber, “Investigation of ash deposit formation during co-firing of coal with sewage sludge, saw-dust and refuse derived fuel”, Fuel, 2008, 87: 2824–2837.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), “Standard Definitions of Terms and Abbreviations Relating to Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Refuse Derived Fuel”, Volume 11.04 Waste Management, Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2006. ASTM International, West Conshohocken. 2006.
C. Ryu, “Potential of Municipal Solid Waste for Renewable Energy Production and Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South Korea”, Journal of Air & Waste Management Association, 2010, 60: 176–183.
J. Nithikul, “Potential of Refuse Derived Fuel Production from Bangkok Municipal Solid Waste”. A thesis for the degree of Master of Engineering in Environmental Engineering and Management, Asian Institute of Technology School of Environment, Resources and Development, Thailand, 2007.
H. Yuan, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Su, Q. Zhou, G. Gu, “Improved bioproduction of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) from excess sludge under alkaline conditions”, Environment Science Technology, 2006, 40: 2025–2029.
H. Alter, “The recycling of densified refuse-derived fuel”, Waste Management and Research, 1996, 14: 311–317.
V. Raili, F. Marttl, “Organic emissions from co-combustion of RDF with wood chips and milled peat in a bubbling fluidized bed boiler”, Chemosphere, 1996, 32: 681–689.
R. Weber, T. Kupka, K. Zajac, “Jet flames of a refuse derived fuel”, Combustion and Flame, 2009, 156: 922–927.
Browse journals by subject