Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 1-6
Influence of the Incident Solar Flux on the Temperature Variation of the Hot-Box Cooker
Souleyemane Thiam, Center of Studies and Research on Renewable Energies (CERER), Dakar, Senegal; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Cheikh anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, Senegal
Serigne Thiao, Center of Studies and Research on Renewable Energies (CERER), Dakar, Senegal; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Cheikh anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, Senegal
Awa Marr, Center of Studies and Research on Renewable Energies (CERER), Dakar, Senegal; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Cheikh anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, Senegal
Issakha Youm, Center of Studies and Research on Renewable Energies (CERER), Dakar, Senegal; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University Cheikh anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, Senegal
Received: Jul. 11, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 30, 2018;       Published: Sep. 4, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20180701.11      View  348      Downloads  32
Abstract
In rural areas, families do not often have access to butane gas and women are looking for wood to cook. Forests are often threatened by the production of charcoal. Housewives are exposed to the emissions of these fuels. Thus a problem of public health arises. The aim of our work is a part of the development and popularization of solar cooking as an alternative to the abusive use of fossil fuels. On the other hand, it allows to protect the environment and contributes to improving the living conditions of housewives. A prototype was developed at the Center of Studies and Researches on Renewable Energies (CERER) in Dakar, Senegal. This is a solar cooker box double glazed and inclined lateral faces, provided with a flat reflector. In this paper we present the results of testing of the prototype. The climatic data in this study are obtained at the CERER weather station. Several series of tests were carried out under natural sunlight. They concern empty tests of the cooker and tests of water boiling and cooking. During these tests the temperatures at different points of the cooker were measured at different sunshine and at different times of the year. The results obtained by different tests are satisfactory and encouraging especially as solar cookers are easy to build and test prototype gets to reach temperatures favorable for healthy cooking different food products and dishes.
Keywords
Experimentation, Collector, Reflectors Shots, Solar Cooker, Stove, Side Panels Inclined
To cite this article
Souleyemane Thiam, Serigne Thiao, Awa Marr, Issakha Youm, Influence of the Incident Solar Flux on the Temperature Variation of the Hot-Box Cooker, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20180701.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Flavien TCHAPGA, The opening up of electricity networks in sub-Saharan African countries to private capital. Organizational choices and institutional constraints '', Doctoral Thesis, Department of Economics and Management, Université Paris 13, June 2002.
[2]
R. BERNARD, The Great Adventure of a Small Cooker, Silence, March 1996.
[3]
Chafika ZIDANI, Design and modeling of photothermal systems. Applications to photothermal systems powered by optical fibers', Doctoral thesis, Unit for the research of materials and renewable energies (URMER), Abou BekrBelkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria, December 2012.
[4]
Harmim, M. Boukar et M. Amar, Experimental Study of a Solar Cooker Box with Three Reflectors Plans and an Inclined Opening Surface, Revue des Energies Rouvelables, Vol. 10, No. 1, p. 31-38, 2007.
[5]
David Pimentel, “Energy Inputs in Food Crop Production in Developing and Developed Nations’’, Energies January 2009, 2, 1-24; doi:10.3390/en20100001.
[6]
P. MARTY, Thermal Transfer Course', University Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, September 2001.
[7]
Yves JANNOT, “Thermal solar”, October 2003.
[8]
Harmim, M. Belhamel, M. Boukar and M. Amar, Contribution to improving the performance of a solar box cooker' ', Revue des Energies Rouvelables, Vol 12, N ° 3, pp 419 – 432, 2009.
[9]
S. Thiao, C. Mbow and I. Youm, “Heat Transfer Analysis of a Flat-plate Solar Collector Running a Solid Adsorption Refrigerator”, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 7(19): 4130-4136, 2014.
[10]
Papa NGOM, Ababacar THIAM, Mamadou ADJ, Vincent SAMBOU, Dorothé AZILINON, Theoretical and Experimental Study of a Phase Change Solar Cooker', Journal of Science, Vol. 9, No. 2 (2009) 36-44.
[11]
SunitaMahavar, NamrataSengar, Manisha Verma and PrabhaDashora, “Extensive Experimental Studies of a Single Family Solar Cooker”, International Journal ofEnergy, Information and Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 4, November, 2011.
[12]
NamrataSengar, PrabhaDashora, Manjari Gupta &SunitaMahavar, “Experimental Studies, Energy Savings and Payback Periods of a Cylindrical Building-Material-Housing Solar Cooker”, International Journal of Energy, Information and Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 3, August 2011.
[13]
M. Bailly, Thermodynamics: Heat, Principle, Gas and Steam '', Bordas, 1971.
[14]
M. S. NDIAYE, Improvement of the heating of a solar cooker by paraboloidal concentration, Memory DEA, ucad, 2010.
[15]
Thiao, S., Mar, A., Mbow, C., Youm, I., Solar Cooling System: Theoretical Study of Coefficient of Performance (COP) of a Solar Chiller Adsorption in the Site of CERER (2014) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 2(5), pp. 147-150.
[16]
http://www.boliviainti-sudsoleil.org/
[17]
http://www.feeda.org/
[18]
http://www.techno-science.net/
Browse journals by subject