International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy

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Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia)

Received: Jul. 28, 2023    Accepted: Aug. 15, 2023    Published: Aug. 28, 2023
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Abstract

The sun's energy is the best choice for thermal energy generation because it is accessible worldwide and is free to utilize. Poultry egg incubation requires a continuous supply of energy for efficient performance and operation. On-grid power does not reach rural areas in Ethiopia, and even in areas where it is available, electricity may be unreliable or shut off at any time, leading to incubator malfunctions, limited production, and high costs. The utilization of generators increases the operational expenses of incubators, and the natural incubation process by hens yields a very small number of chickens. A solar-powered egg incubator with a thermal energy storage system was constructed, modeled, and tested in this investigation to evaluate its performance. A solar egg incubator was developed using a solar collector with built-in sensible solid heat storage (positioned beneath the absorber plate), a 50-egg capacity incubation chamber, and a control unit. During the incubation period, there is ample sunlight that is converted into the energy required for a solar-powered egg incubator by a flat plate solar collector in the study area. The findings indicated that on the days with the highest solar radiation (629.3w/m2), the average outlet collector temperature was 53°C, while 37°C was achieved on the days with the lowest solar radiation (397.5w/m2). The maximum collector thermal efficiency was determined to be 44.33%. A total of 20 eggs were tested for both fertility and hatchability over a 21-day period in a solar-powered egg incubator. The incubation chamber was maintained within a temperature range of 36.5 to 39.5°C and a relative humidity range of 40 to 75% using a temperature controller (thermostat STC 1000) throughout the incubation period. The percentage of fertile eggs and hatchability were 61.11% and 27.27%, respectively.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12
Published in International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy ( Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 35-45
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Collector, Incubator, Poultry, Performance, Sensible Storage, Solar Energy

References
[1] Kifilideen L. Osanyinpeju, Adewole A. Aderinlewo, Olayide R. Adetunji, and Emmanuel S. Ajisegiri, “Development of Solar Powered Poultry Egg Incubator,” Proc. 2016 Int. Conf. SET A Driv. force Sustain. Dev. tagged COLENG 2016, Fed. Univ. Agric. Abeokuta, March 7-11, 2016, vol. 1, pp. 278–283, 2016.
[2] A. Agboola, O. Olaniyi, and S. Aliyu, “Increasing Livestock Production in Nigeria: Development of Cost-Effective Models for Bird-Egg Incubator,” J. Emerg. …, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 707–716, 2013, [Online]. Available: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/92c1/6f99b20f6942917b839745e345abdd3438b7.pdf
[3] A. Metwally, “Improving Performance of the Poultry Eggs Incubator using the Pulse Repetition Frequency,” J. Soil Sci. Agric. Eng., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 151–156, 2020, doi: 10.21608/jssae.2020.103591.
[4] K. L. Osanyinpeju, A. A. Aderinlewo, O. R. Adetunji, and E. S. A. Ajisegiri, “Investigation of Suitable Time for the Performance Measurement and Evaluation of Mono-Crystalline Photovoltaic Panels At Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (Funaab), Alabata, Ogun State, Nigeria,” Int. J. Adv. Manag. Technol. Eng. Sci. IJAMTES (ISSN NO 2249-7455), vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 503–522, 2018.
[5] Kifilideen L. Osanyinpeju, Adewole A. Aderinlewo, Olayide R. Adetunji, And Emmanuel S. A. AJISEGIRI, “Performance Evaluation of Mono-Crystalline Photovoltaic Panels in Funaab, Alabata, Ogun State, Nigeria Weather Condition,” Int. J. Innov. Eng. Res. Technol. [Ijiert], vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 8–20, 2018.
[6] B. O. Bolaji, “Design and Performance Evaluation of a Solar Poultry Egg Incubator,” no. July, 2020.
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[10] P. Gbaha, H. Yobouet Andoh, J. Kouassi Saraka, B. Kaménan Koua, and S. Touré, “Experimental investigation of a solar dryer with natural convective heat flow,” Renew. Energy, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1817–1829, 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2006.10.011.
[11] L. De Smit et al., “Embryonic developmental plasticity of the chick: Increased CO2 during early stages of incubation changes the developmental trajectories during prenatal and postnatal growth,” Comp. Biochem. Physiol. - A Mol. Integr. Physiol., vol. 145, no. 2, pp. 166–175, 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2006.06.046.
[12] T. R. Fayeye, K. L. Ayorinde, V. Ojo, and O. M. Adesina, “Frequency and influence of some major genes on body weight and body size parameters of Nigerian local chickens,” Livest. Res. Rural Dev., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 47–56, 2006.
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[14] “A. M. kingori,"influence egg fertility and hatchablity in poulitry," Dept, agri.sciences. pp. 483-492, 2011.”
[15] A. Mahapatra and P. P. Tripathy, “Thermal performance analysis of natural convection solar dryers under no load condition: experimental investigation and numerical simulation,” Int. J. Green Energy, vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 1448–1464, 2019.
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    Duresa Tesfaye Muleta. (2023). Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia). International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy, 12(3), 35-45. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12

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    ACS Style

    Duresa Tesfaye Muleta. Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia). Int. J. Sustain. Green Energy 2023, 12(3), 35-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12

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    AMA Style

    Duresa Tesfaye Muleta. Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia). Int J Sustain Green Energy. 2023;12(3):35-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12,
      author = {Duresa Tesfaye Muleta},
      title = {Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia)},
      journal = {International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy},
      volume = {12},
      number = {3},
      pages = {35-45},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijrse.20231203.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijrse.20231203.12},
      abstract = {The sun's energy is the best choice for thermal energy generation because it is accessible worldwide and is free to utilize. Poultry egg incubation requires a continuous supply of energy for efficient performance and operation. On-grid power does not reach rural areas in Ethiopia, and even in areas where it is available, electricity may be unreliable or shut off at any time, leading to incubator malfunctions, limited production, and high costs. The utilization of generators increases the operational expenses of incubators, and the natural incubation process by hens yields a very small number of chickens. A solar-powered egg incubator with a thermal energy storage system was constructed, modeled, and tested in this investigation to evaluate its performance. A solar egg incubator was developed using a solar collector with built-in sensible solid heat storage (positioned beneath the absorber plate), a 50-egg capacity incubation chamber, and a control unit. During the incubation period, there is ample sunlight that is converted into the energy required for a solar-powered egg incubator by a flat plate solar collector in the study area. The findings indicated that on the days with the highest solar radiation (629.3w/m2), the average outlet collector temperature was 53°C, while 37°C was achieved on the days with the lowest solar radiation (397.5w/m2). The maximum collector thermal efficiency was determined to be 44.33%. A total of 20 eggs were tested for both fertility and hatchability over a 21-day period in a solar-powered egg incubator. The incubation chamber was maintained within a temperature range of 36.5 to 39.5°C and a relative humidity range of 40 to 75% using a temperature controller (thermostat STC 1000) throughout the incubation period. The percentage of fertile eggs and hatchability were 61.11% and 27.27%, respectively.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    T1  - Experimental Evaluation of Solar Powered Egg Incubator with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage: (Case Study: West Showa Zone Bako District, Ethiopia)
    AU  - Duresa Tesfaye Muleta
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    AB  - The sun's energy is the best choice for thermal energy generation because it is accessible worldwide and is free to utilize. Poultry egg incubation requires a continuous supply of energy for efficient performance and operation. On-grid power does not reach rural areas in Ethiopia, and even in areas where it is available, electricity may be unreliable or shut off at any time, leading to incubator malfunctions, limited production, and high costs. The utilization of generators increases the operational expenses of incubators, and the natural incubation process by hens yields a very small number of chickens. A solar-powered egg incubator with a thermal energy storage system was constructed, modeled, and tested in this investigation to evaluate its performance. A solar egg incubator was developed using a solar collector with built-in sensible solid heat storage (positioned beneath the absorber plate), a 50-egg capacity incubation chamber, and a control unit. During the incubation period, there is ample sunlight that is converted into the energy required for a solar-powered egg incubator by a flat plate solar collector in the study area. The findings indicated that on the days with the highest solar radiation (629.3w/m2), the average outlet collector temperature was 53°C, while 37°C was achieved on the days with the lowest solar radiation (397.5w/m2). The maximum collector thermal efficiency was determined to be 44.33%. A total of 20 eggs were tested for both fertility and hatchability over a 21-day period in a solar-powered egg incubator. The incubation chamber was maintained within a temperature range of 36.5 to 39.5°C and a relative humidity range of 40 to 75% using a temperature controller (thermostat STC 1000) throughout the incubation period. The percentage of fertile eggs and hatchability were 61.11% and 27.27%, respectively.
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Author Information
  • Bako Agricultural Engineering Research Centre, Renewable Energy Engineering Team, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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